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China Investment Guide
Date: 2015-7-17 9:49:29

China Investment Guide

In China, there are  1.3bn people living on 9.6m sq km of land. The country comprises 5 autonomous regions, 23 provinces, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions. The huge land is rich in natural resources and cultural deposits. Due to its size, the climate, culture, as well as economic diverse. So it’s the great diversity makes China a most attractive place for both visitor and investor. Also since the implementation of the reform and open-up policy, China has been seen a booming economic, which brought not only numerous business opportunities, but also investors all over the world.


China Investment Guide--Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in China
China's absorption of foreign investment is an important content of China's fundamental principle of opening up to the outside world, and is one of the great practices of building up socialist economy with Chinese characteristics. The Law of the People's Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Equity Joint Venture, was promulgated by the National People's Congress in 1979, then the work of utilizing foreign capital as an important content of opening up to the outside world initiated as China's fundamental principle. After twenty years of great efforts, the scale of absorbing foreign capital increasingly expanded as well as the level was increasingly upgraded when China's law and managerial system on foreign investment have been gradually perfected. The achievements won the whole world's attention, which effectively promoted the continuous, fast and healthy development of national economy. Here lists some encouraged foreign investment industries: mechanical industry; textile industry; communication and transportation as well as post & telecommunications services; coal Industry; power Industry; petroleum and chemistry industries; service business; medical industry and electric industry.


China Investment Guide--Forms of investment
The foreign investments are basically divided into direct investment and other means of investment. The direct investment, which is widely adopted, includes Sino-foreign joint ventures, joint exploitation and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises, foreign-funded share-holding companies and joint development. The other means of investment includes compensation trade and processing and assembling.


1. Sino-foreign joint ventures
Sino-foreign joint ventures are also known as share-holding corporations. They are formed in China with joint capitals by foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals with Chinese companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals. The main feature is that the joint parties invest together, operate together, take risk according to the ratio of their capitals and take responsibility of losses and profits. The capitals from different parties are translated into the ratios of capitals, and in general the capital from foreign party should not be lower than 25%.


The Sino-foreign joint ventures are among the first forms of China's absorption of foreign direct investment and they account for the biggest part. At present they are still a great part in the absorption of foreign investments.


2. Cooperative businesses
Cooperative business is also called contractual cooperation businesses. They are formed in China with joint capitals or terms of cooperation by foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals with Chinese companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals. The rights and obligations of different parties are embedded in the contract. To establish a cooperative business, the foreign party, generally speaking, supplies all or most of the capital while Chinese party supplies land, factory buildings, and useful facilities, and also some supply a certain amount of capital, too.


3. Wholly foreign-owned enterprises
Exclusively foreign-owned enterprises, which are totally invested by foreign party in China by foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals in accordance with laws of China. According to the law of foreign-funded enterprises, the establishment of foreign enterprises should benefit the development of our national economy and agree with at least one of the following criteria: the enterprises must adopt international advanced technology and facility; all or most of the products must be export-oriented. The foreign funded enterprises often take the form of limited liability.


4. Joint exploitation
Joint exploitation is the abbreviation of maritime and overland oil joint exploitation. It is a widely adopted measure of economic cooperation in the international natural resources field. The striking features are high risk, high investment and high reward. The joint development is often divided into three steps: exploitation, development and production. Compared with the other three means mentioned above, joint cooperation accounts for a small ratio.

 

 

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