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Date: 2015-11-20 10:15:37

Jinhua Overview


Jinhua, is a prefecture-level city in central Zhejiang province in eastern China. It borders the provincial capital of Hangzhou to the northwest, Quzhou to the southwest, Lishui to the south, Taizhou to the east, and Shaoxing to the northeast. Its population was 5,361,572 at the 2010 census including 1,077,245 in the built-up area made of two urban districts even though Lanxi City is also being conurbated soon. One can notice that the cities of Dongyang and Yiwu are now in the same agglomeration, a built-up area of 2,038,413 inhabitants bigger than the one of Jinhua itself.


Jinhua is rich in red soil and forest resources. The Jinhua or Wu River flows through the Lan and Fuchun to the Qiantang River beside Hangzhou, which flows into Hangzhou Bay and the East China Sea. In mediaeval China, it formed part of the water network feeding supplies to the southern end of the Grand Canal. It is best known for its dry-cured Jinhua ham.

In 2011, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Jinhua was 244.8 billion Yuan, up by 10.5% over the previous year.

The general financial revenue was 32.8 billion Yuan, up by 20.4%, of which the local financial revenue was 18.6 billion Yuan,up by 19.1%; the fix asset investment was 87.4 billion Yuan, up by 21.5%; the total retail sales of social consumer goods was 108.9 billion Yuan, up by 18.9%; the foreign export revenue was 15.1 billion Yuan, up by 24.3%; the rural residents’ per capita income was 11,877 Yuan and the urban residents’ per capita income was 29729, up by 16.4% and 14.1% respectively; the expenditure on R&D accounted for 1.45% of the GDP; the natural population growth rate was 3.3%; the total energy consumption per 10,000 Yuan of the GDP reduced by 3.6%.


Climate & Hydrologic Features
Jinhua is dominated by Central Asia tropical monsoon climate. It has four distinct seasons, moderate temperature, rich heat and distinct dry & wet seasons. Its spring comes early; autumn is short; summer is long and hot; winter’s low temperature is complemented by light. It has various basin microclimates, which show some vertical differences. Disastrous weather in Jinhua is frequent.


In 2010, the sunshine period in the urban area is 1643.4 hours, the rainfall quantity 2137.6 millimeters, the average temperature 18.1 centigrade degree.


Natural & Geographical Features
Jinhua City, located in the middle of Zhejiang Province, is a prefecture-level city under provincial jurisdiction named for the Jinhua Mountain within its borders. The longitude and latitude of Jinhua is 119 ° 14′E-120°46 ′30″E and 28°32′N-29 °41′N. It is to the east of Taizhou, the south of Lishui, the west of Quzhou and the north of Shaoxing and Hangzhou. It covers an area of 10,941 square kilometers with the north-south span of 129 kilometers, and the east-west of 151 kilometers. The urban area of the city, located at the confluence of Dongjiang River, Wuyi River and Jinhua River, covers an area of 2044.68 square kilometers, with built-up areas of 78.58 square kilometers.